Opera Warhorses

An appreciation and analysis of the 'Standard Repertory' of opera

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50 Year Anniversaries: Ella Lee, Dalis, Kuchta, Waechter, Martell in “Frau ohne Schatten” – San Francisco Opera, September 26, 1964

December 10th, 2014

Note from William: This post continues my series of observances of the 50 year anniversaries of the historic performances that I attended at San Francisco Opera during the general directorship of Kurt Herbert Adler. This is the fourth of 13 such observances of performances from the company’s 1964 Fall season.


Although Richard Strauss’ “Die Frau ohne Schatten” was my third opera on my Saturday night San Francisco Opera subscription, it was my fourth opera of the season. This was because I had added a performance of Richard Strauss’ “Der Rosenkavalier” two nights earlier [see 50 Year Anniversaries: Schwarzkopf, Seefried, Edelmann, Grist in “Der Rosenkavalier” – San Francisco Opera, September 24, 1964,]

This proved prescient, because it would be my only opportunity to see German soprano Irmgard Seefried and Austrian baritone Otto Edelmann perform in San Francisco Opera. Nor would German soprano Elizabeth Schwarzkopf, who performed the Marschallin three time that week,  ever appear in another San Francisco Opera performance.

Embracing the Frau

As a young teenager I had accumulated a collection of 45 RPM rock records, but, since I found opera as interesting as rock, I also had purchased a complete four- LP album of “Frau ohne Schatten” and marveled at his sumptious sonorities.

This was my second “Frau ohne Schatten” live performance, having seen it four seasons prior at the War Memorial Opera House [see The Woman Without an Equal: Leonie Rysanek in “Frau ohne Schatten”: San Francisco Opera, September 24, 1960.]

Presented in five seasons in two separate productions at the San Francisco Opera between 1959 and 1989, it boasted such names as Rysanek as the Empress, James King as the Emperor, Irene Dalis and Anja Silja as the Nurse, BIrgit Nilsson as the Dyers’ Wife as well as a host of world-famous Baraks (Paul Schoeffler, Eberhard Waechter, Walter Berry).

Yet, although I cherish the experience of seeing these illustrious casts, I found the 1964 to be one of the most satisfying of all.

[Below: California soprano Ella Lee was the Empress; resized image of a publicity photograph.]


American singers were present in four of the five leading roles, led by soprano Ella Lee as the Empress, with Richard Martell as the Emperor, Irene Dalis as the Nurse, and Gladhs Kuchta as the Dyer’s Wife. Austrian Eberhard Waechter  was the only non-American. Collectively, it was one of the brightest sounding, most effective casts for the complex work that I’ve seen.

[Below: the Nurse (Irene Dalis, above) exerts power over the Empress (Ella Lee, below); edited image, based on a Caroyln Mason Jones photograph, courtesy of the San Francisco Opera.]


The American stage premiere of “Frau”, following the introduction of Richard Strauss’ “Ariadne auf Naxos” [Young Rysanek Promotes Strauss at L. A.’s Shrine – “Ariadne auf Naxos” – November 1, 1957] to American audiences helped establish the San Francisco Opera’s international standing as a first rank opera company.

It was also an artistic triumph for Jean-PIerre Ponnelle, the French set designer, in time director, whose famous sets for San Francisco helped establish his international career.

[Below: Massachusetts dramatic soprano Gladys Kuchta as the Dyer’s Wife; edited image of a production photograph]


In the case of every on eof the five principal cast members (Lee, Martell, Dalis, Kuchta and Waechter), I attended at least one other performance in San Francisco, although only Dalis was I to see again after the 1964 season.

The San Francisco Opera orchestra was conducted by Leopold Ludwig. I will have more to say about the German conductor and the role of the San Francisco Opera in supporting efforts to restore the European operatic infrastructure in my upcoming 50 year observation of San Francisco Opera’s new 1964 production of Beethoven’s “Fidelio”.

Tags: 50 Year Anniversaries