Note from William: This post continues my series of observances of the 50 year anniversaries of the historic performances that I attended at San Francisco Opera during the general directorship of Kurt Herbert Adler. This is the eighth of fifteen such observances of performances from the company’s 1965 Fall season.
The fifth offering on my Saturday night San Francisco Opera series (following Wagner’s “Die Meistersinger”, Johann Strauss’ “Die Fledermaus”, Berg’s “Lulu” and Giordano’s “Andrea Chenier”) was Verdi’s “La Forza del Destino”, reprising the production and female lead of the 1963 season [50 Year Anniversaries: “Forza del Destino” with Leontyne Price, James McCracken – San Francisco Opera, October 24, 1963].
[Below: Leontyne Price was Leonora; edited image, based on a publicity photograph, courtesy of the San Francisco Opera.]
In my opinion, although I had been impressed by the combination of Mississippi soprano Leontyne Price and Indiana tenor James McCracken in the 1963 mounting of the work, the revival in 1965 had greater depth in casting. Hungarian tenor Sandor Konya was a superb Don Alvaro as was McCracken, and the 1965 cast had a stronger team in the lower voices. Ohio tenor Raymond Wolansky was the Don Carlo, Italian basso Ugo Trama was the Guardiano and New York baritone Heinz Blankenburg was the Fra Melitone.
This was the fifth performance I’ve reported on in which Price was the lead soprano and Konya was the lead tenor.
Besides the “Forza” Leonora, I had seen Price’s Butterfly [50 Year Anniversaries: Leontyne Price, Sandor Konya in “Madama Butterfly”: San Francisco Opera, September 28, 1961], Aida [50 Year Anniversaries: “Aida” with Price, Konya, Resnik, Shaw and Tozzi – San Francisco Opera, September 21, 1963] and (my very first) Tosca [50 Year Anniversaries: Leontyne Price, Konya, Shaw in “Tosca” – San Francisco Opera, October 3, 1963.
Konya had, up until that point, had been the tenor I had seen most often. He is the first tenor I had seen sing all three tenor leads in Puccini’s trio of most popular operas – with Price as Cavaradossi in “Tosca” and Pinkerton in “Butterfly” and as Rodolfo to Tebaldi’s Mimi in “La Boheme” [50 Year Anniversaries: “La Boheme” with Renata Tebaldi, Sandor Konya – San Francisco Opera, September 23, 1965], “. Earlier he had been Dick Johnson to Kirsten’s Minnie in a less often performed Puccini opera [50th Birthday Celebrations: Dorothy Kirsten Rides High in “Girl of the Golden West” – San Francisco Opera, October 1, 1960.]
He introduced me to both of Wagner’s father-son operas [50 Year Anniversaries: Sandor Konya, Irene Dalis in “Lohengrin” – San Francisco Opera, October 27, 1960] and [50 Year Anniversaries: Konya, Dalis, Waechter, Tozzi in “Parsifal” – San Francisco Opera, September 12, 1964]. In performances of Verdi operas, in addition to his portrayal of Radames in “Aida”, he was my first Don Carlo [50 Year Anniversaries: Tozzi, Konya, Dalis, Thomas Stewart in “Don Carlo” at San Francisco Opera – September 22, 1962.]
Price and Konya were a felicitous duo, her dramatic soprano and his brilliant tenor soaring in the vibrant acoustics of the War Memorial Opera House. There would be one more Price-Konya pairing later that season, San Francisco Opera’s new production of Verdi’s “Ballo in Maschera”, in which they would be joined baritone Raymond Wolansky, the excellent Don Carlo in this “Forza” production.
[Below: Don Carlo (Raymond Wolansky, right) look in on the injured Don Alvaro (Sandor Konya, left) in the San Francisco Opera’s 1965 production of Verdi’s “La Forza del Destino”; edited image of a Carolyn Mason Jones photograph, courtesy of the San Francisco Opera.]
I had reported on four earlier roles sung by Wolansky – his Burgundian Troubadour [50 Year Anniversaries: Jean-Pierre Ponnelle’s “Carmina Burana” Revived at San Francisco Opera – October 10, 1964], his Count di Luna [50 Year Anniversaries: “Il Trovatore” with McCracken, Ella Lee, Warfield, Wolansky – San Francisco Opera, October 24, 1964], his Frank [50 Year Anniversaries: “Die Fledermaus” with Mary Costa, Richard Lewis, Reri Grist – San Francisco Opera, September 18, 1965 and his Marcello [50 Year Anniversaries: “La Boheme” with Renata Tebaldi, Sandor Konya – San Francisco Opera, September 23, 1965].
[Below: Baritone Raymond Wolansky as Don Carlo in the 1965 San Francisco Opera production of Verdi’s “La Forza del Destino”; edited image of a Carolyn Mason Jones photograph, courtesy of the San Francisco Opera.]
Wolansky was a leading artist of the Stuttgart (Germany) Opera, whose di Luna, in the previous San Francisco Opera season, had led me to expect (without being disappointed) another excellent performance in an iconic Verdi role. Beautifully matched vocally with Konya in “Forza’s” great battlefield scenes, Wolansky demonstrated the powerful impact that the opera’s succession of intensely dramatic, stunningly melodic scenes can make when each of the roles is in the hands of a master of the Verdian style.
New to me, but equally proficient in his role was the Italian basso Ugo Trama, a sonorous Padre Guardiano, whom I would see on three occasions in 1965, his only season in San Francisco. Also memorable was the Fra Melitone, played by Heinz Blankenburg, an American baritone whom I had seen twice previously at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles.
Blankenburg had been Paolo in my first Italian opera ever [Simon Boccanegra – October 20, 1956]. The next year I saw him as Arlecchino in the American premiere season of a Richard Strauss opera, then unfamiliar to American audiences, but now whose performances occur with such regularity that it may be emerging as the composer’s most often performed opera in North America [Young Rysanek Promotes Strauss at L. A.’s Shrine – “Ariadne auf Naxos” – San Francisco Opera, November 1, 1957 ].
[Below: Baritone Heinz Blankenburg was the Fra Melitone; resized image of a publicity photograph.]
Francesco Molinari-Pradelli conducted.
The force of opera’s destiny: some thoughts about opera in the 20th century’s sixth decade
Over the ten years that I’ve been celebrating the 50th anniversary of each opera performance I’ve seen (for such a project it’s best to start attending operas at a young age as I did) I’ve been moving from a time when Western Europe’s cradle of opera (Italy, France, Germany and Austria [IFGA]) was still rebuilding infrastructure and returning to normal after World War II. When I was attending my first “Faust” with San Francisco Opera performing in San Diego’s Fox Theater, the Iron Curtain had made countries like Hungary seem like part of another world, and the Civil Rights movement in the United States had not yet reached its crescendo.
It takes time for a singer to becoming proficient in opera. The IFGA countries had less than a dozen years before been engaged in full scale warfare, whose collateral damage included previously great opera companies and whose mobilization plans did not prioritize producing opera singers. It was not surprising that as Europe rebuilt its cultural heritage, there were regional shortages of first rank opera singers. This provided opportunities for American-trained singers to establish careers in Europe. Wolansky, born of Ukrainian parents in Ohio, became a lead dramatic baritone and the New York City-born Heinz Blankenburg a lead lyric baritone in Germany.
In 1956, the Hungarian Revolution resulted in large numbers of Hungarian artists emigrating to the West, including Konya, who within four years was singing lead roles at the San Francisco Opera and a half-decade later became a stalwart at the New York Met.
In the 1950s the New York Met had made international headlines by lifting its “color bar” to “allow” the great African-American contralto Marian Anderson to sing the role of Ulrica in Verdi’s “Ballo in Maschera”, a character of mysterious origins who lived in the outskirts of civilized society – a role that seemed chosen by management as “safe”.
More significantly, I thought, on the other coast the San Francisco Opera was casting Leontyne Price, not just as Verdi’s African princess, Aida, but in such roles as Leonora in Verdi’s “Il Trovatore”, Donna Elvira in Mozart’s “Don Giovanni” and Madame Lidoine in Poulenc’s “Dialogues of the Carmelites”.
Only a month had past since the San Francisco Opera’s opening night and I had already seen spectacular performances by Ettore Bastianini, Heinz Blankenburg, Sona Cervena, Marie Collier, Fritz Imdahl, João Gibin, Reri Grist, Richard Lewis, Pilar Lorengar, Leontyne Price, Thomas Stewart, Renata Tebaldi, Jess Thomas, Ugo Trama, Richard Tucker and Raymond Wolansky. And I was just halfway through the season.